• Portrait of the Regent Anna Leopoldovna, née Elisabeth Katharina Christine, Prinzessin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1718-1746)

    Artist:
    Anonymous Artist
    Technique:
    oil
    Dimensions:
    35х29 cm

Anonymous Artist

Portrait of the Regent Anna Leopoldovna, née Elisabeth Katharina Christine, Prinzessin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1718-1746)

Russia, late 1740-1741

Anna Leopoldovna (1718–1746) was known until 1733 as Elisabeth Katharina Christine. She was the daughter of Karl Leopold, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and Yekaterina Ioannovna, a daughter of Russian Tsar Ivan V. She lived in Russia from 1722 and converted to Orthodoxy in 1733, when she was awarded the Order of St Catherine by her aunt, Anna Ioannovna, who was by then Empress. In 1739 she married Prince Anton Ulrich of Brunswick-Lüneburg. On 12 August 1740 the Princess gave birth to a son, Ivan (or Ioann), who was proclaimed heir to the Russian throne. When Anna Ioannovna died on 28 October that same year, her favourite Ernst Johann Biron began ruling in the name of the infant Emperor, but he was soon arrested, and Anna Leopoldovna became regent. After the palace coup of 25 November 1741 that brought Peter the Great’s daughter Elizabeth to power, the “Brunswick family” were banished to the Russian North. Anna Leopoldovna died in Kholmogory and is buried in St Petersburg’s Alexander Nevsky Monastery. Anna Leopoldovna is depicted wearing a silver brocade gown and ermine mantle, with the star and sash of the Order of St Andrew the First-Called.

Title:

Portrait of the Regent Anna Leopoldovna, née Elisabeth Katharina Christine, Prinzessin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1718-1746)

Place:

Material:

Technique:

oil

Dimensions:

35х29 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1946; handed over from The State Museum of Ethnography of Peoples of the USSR, Leningrad

Inventory Number:

ЭРЖ-556

Category: